[SOLVED!] Make Firefox your default browser when Windows won’t let you do it, and it’s not even an option

I had a problem with Firefox and switched to Waterfox. All was well. Then a couple of years later, I wanted to switch back to Firefox because %reasons%. When FF started it asked if I wanted to set it as the default browser. Yes, thanks. Windows opened an applet to let me change the default browser and . . . Firefox was not on the list. I couldn’t select it as it was not there. Waterfox was masquerading as Firefox. This was the case everywhere in the system.

I right-click-> ‘open with’ changed the default program for .html documents, and that worked! But it only worked for that one filetype. There are also .htm, .xht and .xhtml to consider. This is not elegant and there must be an easier way.

Reinstalling wouldn’t help; this was a fresh installation of Firefox.

The Default Apps applet didn’t help, this wasn’t on the list of options.

Default Programs from the Classic Control Panel didn’t help. It was not on the list of options.

Bringing up the Set Defaults app (win+R -> ms-settings:defaultapps) didn’t work. I was able to change .htm but the other two didn’t have Firefox listed as options, I guess because they were listed as protocols instead of filetypes.

The ONLY thing that worked, and it only took a quick moment, was found at appuals.com where there is listed a simple shell command to execute. I didn’t even need an elevated (run as Administrator) command prompt! This was SUPER easy.

Type the following, press the following keys on your keyboard:

  • Press the Start button or your Windows key
  • cmd
  • Enter
  • “C:\Program Files\Mozilla Firefox\uninstall\helper.exe” /SetAsDefaultAppGlobal
  • Enter

Bam. Firefox is your default browser again. Thanks Jesus I finally found it, and thanks Keven Arrows for the writeup!

The gospel

https://www.christianitytoday.com/edstetzer/2015/june/what-is-gospel.html

Paul summarized it, and David Nicholas expands on the summary.  The summary is excellent and should be memorized.  Now that I’ve found it, the expansion is on your list of Required Reading as well because you read me.

An archive link in case it ever dies at Christianity Today: https://web.archive.org/web/20190904044636/https://www.christianitytoday.com/edstetzer/2015/june/what-is-gospel.html

The two policemen in Buffalo were fine

The Emergency Response Team has resigned.  There is no statement out yet, but it is presumably in protest that a couple of them were suspended after giving a light push to a citizen who then fell over because he has bad balance or something.  The guy fell and smashed his head on the pavement after scores of police were trying to clear a street, and he walked up to them and prevented the police from advancing, talking, doing something with his hand you can’t see on camera, and two cops both thought it was a good idea to shove him out of a third cop’s way.

Those two cops were doing nothing wrong. The guy got what you get when you impede police officers lawfully clearing an area and you go be a jackass at them.

That is all.

A simple high power high voltage high current active load using NPN transistors

I built this.  If you are clever with electronics, you can build one for yourself.  If you find this circuit somewhere besides https://votefordavid.wordpress.com/2020/05/08/a-simple-high-power-high-voltage-high-current-active-load-using-npn-transistors/ then be careful that the text may have changed and rendered this dangerous or even deadly!

Money shot: the final product

The rear view:

This is not vaporware. I built it and it works and it works well.  If you have any smart questions, feel free to ask them in comments but beware I don’t check the queue very often. I’ll get to you eventually.

This load is effectively a big resistor of variable value, that will sink as much current as you like.  It can be scaled up to as many transistors-and-resistors as you need to increase power handling.  Heat sinks will need to be large for high power inputs.  I have giant fan-cooled heat sinks and the circuit itself limits input current at low voltage.  At 100V I am only getting about 60 Watts, but I have used this to test a few different power supplies and it sucked down 30 amps at lower voltage pretty easily.

My goal was to be able to go up to 100V DC input, with as much current as could be obtained.  In the end I didn’t get as much high voltage current capacity as I would like, but the low voltage current capacity is capacious indeed and I’m pretty happy with the result.

My meters reading 18.7VDC input at 30A, when my supply is giving 19.1V.  Almost half a volt is dropped across my giant 4AWG input cables, which surprised me a little.

 

My inspiration came from Hamuro on deeptronic.com https://www.deeptronic.com/electronic-circuit-design/variable-dummy-load-for-power-supply-testing/

The final circuit is approximately:

The basic circuit is extremely simple: a DC input is divided by a potentiometer, and the divided voltage is applied to the base of an NPN transistor.  The collector is tied to the DC input voltage, and the emitter is grounded via a resistor. The transistor allows various amounts of current to flow out the emitter, due to its base voltage controlling its collector current.  Here I have several transistors in parallel, which is a trap for new players: If you don’t have a proper resistor on the emitter, you may get one transistor hogging the current, heating up, going into thermal runaway, and exploding.  You will want some resistor there to be a dummy load, and it will vary based on your needs.

I have two sets of emitter resistors, and these two fat toggle switches select between them.

My desire to go to very high voltage forced a couple of changes.  A lower base resistor would allow more current to flow through the transistor at low input voltages, but it made the base voltage setting potentiometer tricky to control with precision at high voltages.  I added a 10k pot in series with the 100k pot for finer control, which in use turns out to have been a great idea.  I also had to insert a high power resistor in the R14 position.  A short-circuited potentiometer would lead to up to 100V/1000Ω=0.1A*100V= 10 watts of power dissipation in R14!  A lower input voltage would allow a smaller resistor here, or none at all, if you like to live dangerously or don’t mind burning the occasional transistor and potentiometer.  I had to use a high value emitter resistor to prevent current hogging at high voltage.  On a darlington transistor, you want even higher values.  I went with 10 ohms which is should be plenty even for low current at high voltage.  For low voltage I used 0.75 ohms.  All of these are high power resistors because they may have to take up to nearly-ALL of your circuit’s power, depending on how you adjust the base potentiometer!  The low value resistors are paralleled for lower resistance, and the high value resistors are a series string.  These are selected by big toggle switches.  For a simpler single voltage range you could of course eliminate the different set of emitter resistors and the switches to select between them.

The power transistors I chose are MJ11016 NPN darlingtons: https://www.onsemi.com/pub/Collateral/MJ11012-D.PDF Choose your power devices to have suitable voltage and current ratings for your intended input, or things may well explode on you.  These are high power, high voltage TO-3 devices, which suits my application just fine.  They are mounted to heat sinks with about a combined 2.2ºC/W junction-to-ambient combined interface resistance, and when I did the maths it worked out to about 90 Watts maximum from each transistor with the heatsinks still cool enough to be able to touch.  I can get a hundred-ish watts each with things getting toasty, but the fans cool them down again pretty fast after they stop sinking power.

A final note: Depending on what you do with it, this circuit will have lethal potentials floating around.  If you don’t know how to make this safe, please please PLEASE study what you are considering doing.  Ask for help at the EEVBlog community forum https://www.eevblog.com/forum/index.php or somewhere else full of knowledgeable people, when you start to understand and can ask good questions.

 

Wherein I explain how my life was slightly improved

This weekend I made good progress toward eliminating a first world problem that’s bothered me for ages. I have an old variable DC power supply rated for 0-40V 0-3A that’s good enough for most things I typically need a power supply for. It’s a old Lambda, near relative to those seen on the cover of this 1974 catalog:

It had a few niggling complaints. So:

The meters are like 2″ analog things and not ridiculously accurate. This weekend I did range-changes to a pair of nice Newport 4.5-digit digital panel meters. With these installed, I have 4 digit precision on current and voltage, and nice big bright LED displays to boot. The voltage was easy enough, just convert to the proper range and install a potentiometer/voltage divider to get me to 40.00V indications. Good deal. It’s off by a few millivolts at low voltage but that’s ok enough for me. The current meter was a problem. First I had to find a 0.1 ohms resistor with enough power capacity. Running the output from the power supply through this gives me a scaled 0.1V/A voltage output. The problem is that the meters I have are for 0-10V input. So I had to do some reverse-engineering and figure out a 19M ohms string of resistors to increase the sensitivity to 0-2V. This was more work than it sounds, and calibration gave me fits for quite a few hours. I now have a 0 to 3.000A indication.  It’s off by a few milliamps at high current, but that’s ok for me too.

These meters were not installed from the factory. There is not room inside the power supply for these, and if there were it would require cutting a bit of steel which I didn’t feel like doing, and then they would have still protruded. I could have run the wires out the side or through a ventilation hole (the case is 100% ventilated panels) but that would be inelegant. I could have run the wires from the front panel binding posts but that’s a horrible bodge (!) So I ran the wires to the screw terminal strip on the rear panel.

There is a strip of rear panel screw terminals for various connections including remote voltage sensing, which is where the voltage control section gets its reference. I moved the remote sense wires internally from the rear to the front panel where I take all my volts from anyway. So there were two unused terminals on the back, which I used as a proportional current monitoring output. Nice. At work, I have a digital panel meter for my main bench supply that just stays on, burning 3W of power whether I’m using the power supply or not. At home, I want it done better, so I did more reverse engineering and figured out where the internal power connections are to be found. I added a wire to a “spare” rear panel screw terminal so now there is a rear panel output with a switched mains supply from the power supply – connected after the power switch and fuse in the power supply! The neutral and ground for the meters both connect at the main inputs, and then my panel meters now run off a *switched* main supply. The turn on and off with the power supply they monitor. Very trick.

I had my choice of several meters. I tried and failed to figure out a range change on a 3.5 digit meter of a different model for the current readout but in the end I’m glad to have 4 digits and both meters are the same model so that’s also nice. These have screw terminals also so the mains connection is daisy-chained between the power supply and meters.

The power supply had a broken V- Out front panel binding post since forever, and at one point I bodged the V- on to the ground binding post, so the output was ground-referenced but at least usable. This weekend I employed a bandsaw (thanks JB!)  and hacksaw to do the fitting/bodging, and I now have a set of larger/easier to use front panel binding posts which are also separated again so the Vout is no longer permanently grounded. Nice.

The voltage wouldn’t reach all the way to 40. I tweaked that so now I can get just over 40V output. I tried to adjust the calibration of the voltage meter on the supply itself and fried a nice Bourns 10 turn pot in the process of failing.

The current limit adjustment on the power supply was flaky. Difficult to turn at best and it would sometimes cut out so I had to jiggle the handle (like an old toilet) to get the power supply to give voltage out. I replaced that bad stiff old 3/4 turn potentiometer with a 10-turn pot for current limiting. Nice.

The voltage had a coarse and fine coaxial pair of 3/4 turn knobs. The fine adjustment knob had a bent shaft and wasn’t great to operate. I pulled that out and installed a separate 3/4 turn fine voltage adjustment. This required drilling a fresh hole in the faceplate, but that was easy enough. I accidentally drilled a pilot hole in the wrong side of the faceplate but I ended up needing to relocate a cable clamp and this made a handy mounting hole, so no worries. I used the power supply a bit for calibrating the panel meters and didn’t like the ability to only adjust in 0.006v or so increments with the 3/4 turn potentiometer, so I installed a 10-turn fine voltage control pot instead. Very nice.

The final step was to install a mounting bracket for the new panel meters. This was fabricated from brace lifted from a vintage piece of test equipment from an old job that closed down around my ears and gave me a bunch of stuff as I was on my way out the door. That holds the top of the meters’ cases, near the front. The rear of the meters was spaced away from the power supply bottom panel with the use of the aforementioned fried potentiometer and a twin that was previously broken, safety-wired in position. The panel meters now are securely mounted under the power supply AND come alive only when the supply is switched on. Nice.

 

The bodge-grade mounting solution, seen from the side (hidden well under my bench):

All of this reads as much more simple than it was in person to do. Taking the supply down means crawling under the workbench and fighting the heavy thing off of 5 screws that hold it to the underside of my work bench. Then the cover had terrible little screws (which I replaced) and the faceplate also had horrible little screws (which I replaced also). Now the exterior hardware mostly matches. It is a hassle to get this faceplate off but I had to to it several times this weekend. I had the output/heatsink module out a couple of times. I had the cover off many times and the faceplate off many, many times. And then I installed it and . . . the voltage was backwards. My panel meter sensing wires were accidentally connected in reverse polarity and it gave negative voltage readings on the meter. In the end, I decided to not dismount everything once more and just crawled under the bench waist-deep with my arms poked out in front of me like I used to do, back when I was working on airplanes, to switch the wires ’round.

After a day-and-a-half of work my work area looks like a tornado hit, and the power supply has one extra knob and a fresh set of jacks on the front. It sports a pair of big beautiful panel meters and is back under the bench, a bodged-up-laboratory-grade instrument after all the upgrades!

and: the way this power supply is mounted, I had to figure out how to remove my soldering iron (which is also screwed to the bottom of the bench) and remove the iron, TWICE, during all this.  I had mounted it myself but over the last decade or so forgot how I did it.  I was impressed with my own handiwork, so that was neat. Having permanently-mounted stuff under the bench is sure convenient in use but for maintenance it kinda stinks!

If you scrolled all the way down, I congratulate you and present a reward: A shot of the bottom of my bench! You see here: a soldering iron, a power supply with new meters and an extra knob, and a multimeter measuring the output of the supply for comparison. All of this, thanks God, cost me $0 plus some time. 😀

Thank You, An Open Letter from an Old Veteran’s Perspective

Dear healthcare worker,

If you haven’t already, hopefully you will soon notice an increase in the number of people who thank you for doing what you do every day. Some of you won’t know what to do with this newfound wave of gratitude from your neighbors, friends, and random strangers. As a veteran, I have an analogous perspective and I offer you my advice: Say “You’re welcome” and think of the following and try not to feel weird about it.

Veterans get this all the time. These days, when someone finds out they are talking to a veteran of military forces, it is almost universal that they’ll say “Thank you for your service.” It feels weird until the veteran finds the proper perspective. Here is some stranger that I never met, thanking me for something they don’t know what I did, in some cases before they were born. They don’t know if I put my “110%” into it, or if I was a dirtbag slacker. They don’t have a specific incident in mind for which they are grateful. They don’t even know when or where I served my country. But still they all express gratitude.

From the fresh veteran’s perspective: I did my duty, I did my time, maybe some bad things happened, maybe they didn’t, but I got out and I moved on with my life. Mostly moved on, anyway. It was ‘just this thing I did’ and now here is some stranger thanking me?

From the civilian’s perspective, I was sticking my neck out for them. The most horrible of things could have happened to me and mine, and this grateful stranger doesn’t know if they did – but they could have. They don’t know what hazards I endured, but they do know there was a term of years when I put myself at risk to defend them and everything they hold dear. It goes without saying that there were sacrifices involved, and these were on their behalf, so they are grateful.

I don’t know you. I never did something specifically for you. But I did something for a class of people that includes you. I did some things and you are grateful so “You’re welcome” is the polite response. Not many ask for details. It’s apparently enough that they know I did something for them.

Healthcare worker, in normal times your daily routine is fairly routine. You go to work, you do some stuff that is common for you. Patient (x) needs (x) amount of (x) therapy, sign the chart, swipe your badge and come back tomorrow. I’ve talked to some of you, and you are not inclined to think what you do is extraordinary. The people you treat every day, some of them are grateful on an individual basis for individual things you did for them. You can understand that. You saved Joe’s life, he’s grateful. You helped Mary’s arm feel better, she’s grateful. You gave somebody a scrip for medicine they think is going to help, hey they’re glad and grateful. You intubated someone and watched their sats like a hawk while it was touch-and-go, they’re grateful. That’s easy to understand.

But here is a stranger coming up to you and clapping, seriously? Yeah, seriously.

COVID-19 is a game changer for all of us. Usually you only help “other people”, a few patients; not all of us. This year, you are doing something for a class people that includes all of us. Maybe (hopefully) you never have to help me in particular, but you are helping some of us to deal with this new illness. Here I sit in the comfort of my “Stay at home/stay safe” couch, and you are not only going out to work your usual (sometimes long) shift. You are putting your health at risk. Not just like regular, where you always get a cold during the annual cold season. Not just like regular, where you might pull a muscle moving a patient. For the novel coronavirus, while you are doing your normal job someone can seriously injure or even kill you invisibly, in a moment, by accident.

We get that. You are putting yourself on the line in a way that could be harmful to you, to protect some of us, some of our parents, some of our grandparents. And you don’t quit. You keep going back day after day after day. Some of you are going to be losing record numbers of patients through no fault of your own, every day – and the next day you will go back. Because the patients need you, and it’s your thing you do. It’s who you are. You have a little packet of employee access cards on your lanyard and they all have your picture on them so you will go back again because that’s you.

You don’t have to. You could hang it up. You could zip up one more bag and say that’s enough forever and leave the rest of us wanting when our turn in hospital comes. But you’re going to be there tomorrow.

For us. We recognize your risk. We recognize your willingness to sacrifice for our sake.

For you, maybe it’s just ‘the thing you do’ but we see you fighting our invisible enemy for all of us. So thank you.

Sincerely,

John Q. Public

March 3rd 2020 Travis County, Texas Republican Primary Election Voters Guide

As usual, this is for me but posted in case anyone else wants to see what I think about the candidates.  The position statements on this page are mine and if you don’t care for them then feel free to find someone you care for instead.

President
Donald J. Trump.  It’s not even a competition.  This man is on track to be the best POTUS in the history of the country.  He’s boorish, but he does spend his time doing the things he said he would do on the campaign trail.  High competence meets low presidentiality.  There are many imitators but no-one can compare for effectiveness and the results speak for themselves.

United States Senator
John Cornyn – has been there too long.  It’s bad.  Time to go, Johnny boy.  You know what’s crazy? He doesn’t have any position statements on his campaign website, but he has a picture of him riding a horse.
Mark Yancy – might be a good senator, but he’s not my first choice in the primary.  Too soft on illegal immigration at least and that counts for a LOT in the Senate.
Dwayne Stovall – An easy pick.  This guy, by a mile, for speaking properly to the office and the issues.
Virgil Bierschwale – deserves to lose.  He’s got a bad attitude for this race and it pollutes what could be a decent message if we could see through it
John Anthony Castro – Strike uno: wants government funded “pre-k through phd” education.  Garbage.  Strike dos: Claims to model himself after John McCain whow was hot garbage especially toward the end of his life.  Strike threeee: He says the primary goal of a TEXAS Senator in D.C. is to represent the nation over any group.  Jackass, Texans are the group you’re supposed to go represent.

United States Representative, District 17 – lots of good candidates and none that are 100% on my page
Kristen Alamo Rowin – it says something about you if you’re obese, and it’s not a good thing.  Still she seems right on the important issues.
David Saucedo – bruh you can’t have a 404 website during early voting.  Plus he looks like a thug in the only picture i could find, fwiw
Trent Sutton – another I could support in the general but not against this primary field.
Pete Sessions – a former Congressman should stay “former”.  We need fewer old hats in the House, not more.
Ahmad Adnan – HARD pass. I’d stay home if he were on the R ticket in November!  From the introduction to his website:
He’s “mad as hell at how dysfunctional our government and politics are” well then tell the other guys to not be dicks
“I want to ban money in politics” because he’s a head-in-the-clouds ignoramus. There is no other reason for this position.
“I AM A MODERATE; I am a centrist” (emphasis is his) means he is a squishy who hasn’t thought out his convictions properly.
“COUNTRY OVER PARTY.” He’d bail on Trump in a sticky vote if leaned on properly
“I WANT THE STARTING PAY FOR TEACHERS TO BE $80,000 A YEAR.” so a fool, plainly, who doesn’t understand supply-and-demand
“I want to do massive infrastructure spending” ok good we need…
“…to help grow the economy and create high-paying jobs” ugh.  State make-work to create jobs, exactly what we don’t need.  Also: let’s grow the economy by skimming some off the top of the private sector and giving it to bureaucrats.  Nice.
“I WANT TO LEGALIZE, REGULATE, AND TAX CANNABIS.”  How about just decriminalizing it from being in Schedule 1 and not exposing our vulnerable populations to another harmful “recreational” drug.
Lauri Godfrey McReynolds – Yet another good choice.  This race is looking like an embarassment of riches. But . . . there’s something in the water in Waco.  I kid, I kid, we love our wackos
Renee Swann – Endorsed by Mr. Flores, which is useful. A good choice, I think.
Elianor Vessali – Says exactly the things I want my congresscritters to say when campaigning.  I like her.  She may not be able to win the general election.  Unfortunately a Cathlic and a professional lawyer.
George W. Hindman – Another good choice on topics.  I like the idea of literally a rocket scientist for congress, plus he campaigns on the right issues I like.
Scott Bland – Another from Waco?  Also there’s something wrong with his head/neck area but we shouldn’t hold that against the man.  But I’m gonna, sorry buddy.
Jeff Oppenheim – barely has a campaign website.  You gotta do more than this, Jeff.
Todd Kent – another weird head. Looks like a movie congressman who turns into the villain.  Talks about the right issues but not quite exactly my flavor. I could vote for him in the general, but not this primary against these candidates.

Railroad Commissioner
Ryan Sitton – I’ve previously endorsed him and like to give him one more term.
James “Jim” Wright – Heart seems to be in the right place, but he provides me no compelling reason to vote against his opponent.  His main campaign issue seems to be that he disagrees with disagreeing with the idea of Don Trump being elected in 2016.

Judge, Court of Criminal Appeals, Place 3
Bert Richardson – Incumbent judges, as always, get a heavy thumb on the scale from me. I’m for him again.
Gina Parker – May be a good judge, IDK but the reasons she finds most compelling to get rid of Richardson . . . I don’t.

All the other seats are uncontested in this primary.  Throw them a vote and show some R-team love.  All the propositions, as usual, are easy low-hanging fruit and red meat for the base.  Yes on all of them.

DIY: Add a USB cable to Broadcom BCM92045NMD Bluetooth module

DIY: Add a USB cable to Broadcom BCM92045NMD Bluetooth module

This can be done to add bluetooth devices to a PC that doesn’t have bluetooth capability. For this adapter, I could only found a clear pinout in Chinese (I think), here: https://home.gamer.com.tw/creationDetail.php?sn=3443336 So here is an english version, in case anyone needs it.

The main picture you need, in case that site goes down:

I used 3 diodes (that I had previously measured at about 1/2V drop each) in series, to burn a volt and a half-ish, instead of using a proper voltage regulator. I only wired up the first four pins (8, 7, 6, and 5) instead of joining all the ground pins (3, 2, 1) as shown in the diagram. I used a pretty janky method of soldering too:

so do better if you can. I’m going to drown this in RTV silicone to keep the wires from touching, so it’s going to look even worse in a few hours(!). This prject would have been easier if I had the proper cable to connect the Bluetooth module to a laptop, but I didn’t. I gently broke off the top of the connector and tinned the pins right on the board. Soldering to those pins was *tricky* as they are tiny and very close to each other. After the all-important “nothin’ touchin’ nothin'” inspection, I plugged this mess into a handy open USB port on my PC and Windows automagically showed bluetooth capability. It connected to my BT device with zero difficulty.

N.B.: without the cable I had to make several tries at this. I destroyed 3 connectors (wasting three adapters) before figuring out how to chip off the plastic. Use a small awl or flat-head screwdriver and pry the top of the connector shell directly away from the PCB, between the pins:

Drop a comment if you got this to work for you!

Wish List ~or~ what even do you want?

I have previously posted a wish list that included modestly priced items, mostly books, for people to find something to buy me.  It had no links and was not maintained.  Well here is one with links to purchase items, and my self-imposed restriction on expensive (for my budget) items is lifted.  Prices are pre-Christmas “sale” prices as of December 12, 2019.  Buy one, buy all, buy none and wish me a nice day, I’ll be happy either way . . . but if you want to buy me something, here’s a list from which you may choose!

Cameras

Nikon D7500
with lens in a kit $1000 https://www.costco.com/Nikon-D7500-DSLR-Camera-2-Lens-Bundle.product.100365110.html
Or in a kit from B&H $1100 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1333200-REG/nikon_d7500_dslr_camera_with.html
or with any lens combination, or without lens, body only new $800 https://www.adorama.com/inkd7500.html
Refurbished by Nikon from a Nikon-authorized dealer is perfectly fine, I’ve bought a few things refurbished from authorized dealers and it’s always been good. . . and cheaper than retail new $570 https://www.adorama.com/inkd7500r.html

or the D750
With lens $1700 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1082604-REG/nikon_d750_dslr_camera_with.html
without lens $1200 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1484762-REG/nikon_d750_dslr_camera_body.html
refurbished by Nikon $1050 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1237482-REG/nikon_1543b_d750_dslr_camera_body.html

Lenses

Lens: Nikon 18-140mm $496 https://www.adorama.com/nk18140.html?utm_medium=Affiliate&utm_source=rflaid21866

Lens: Nikon 85mm $425 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/838798-REG/Nikon_2201_AF_S_NIKKOR_85mm_f_1_8G.html

Lens: Nikon 18-200mm $587 https://www.adorama.com/nk18200dxnu.html?utm_medium=Affiliate&utm_source=rflaid21866
refurbished is fine $450 https://www.adorama.com/nk18200dxnr.html

lens: Tamron 18-200mm $200 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/buy/Tamron_18_200_VC/Ntt/Tamron+18-200+VC/N/0

Lens: Sigma 18-200mm $400 https://www.adorama.com/sg18200omnka.html

Lens: Nikon 16-85mm $277 https://www.adorama.com/nk1685vrr.html

Lens: Nikon 105mm $700 refurbished by Nikon https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/731072-REG/Nikon_2160B_Refurbished_105mm_f_2_8G_ED_IF.html

Lens: Sigma 105mm $470 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/806375-REG/Sigma_258306_105mm_f_2_8_EX_DG.html

Lens: Nikon 55-200mm $350 https://www.bhphotovideo.com/c/product/1111441-REG/nikon_20050_nikkor_afs_dx_55_200mm.html

Still camera related with fewer numbers after the $ haha:
Focusing screen for D7000 $20 https://www.amazon.com/Fotodiox-Focusing-Screen-Micro-Prism-Cameras/dp/B0095PQP4Q

Tools
I’m not married to a brand or model, and I’m not a stickler for shiny-and-new.  Click a link or find a used working one and I’ll be good either way!

A biggish crescent wrench, 10″ or 12″ size
https://www.homedepot.com/p/Crescent-10-in-Adjustable-Wrench-AC210VS/203161607
https://www.homedepot.com/p/Crescent-12-in-Adjustable-Wrench-AC212VS/203161636

A small mill https://www.homedepot.com/p/Jet-1-HP-Milling-Drilling-Machine-with-R8-Taper-and-Worklight-12-Speed-115-Volt-JMD-15-350017/100489506

A router, preferably with a cord (vs. batteries): https://www.homedepot.com/b/Tools-Power-Tools-Woodworking-Tools-Routers/N-5yc1vZc2h2

Albums (well, compact discs):

Metallica, Metallica https://www.amazon.com/Metallica/dp/B00EBDXU4A/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=metallica+metallica&qid=1575427950&s=music&sr=1-1

Weezer, Blue https://www.amazon.com/Weezer-Blue-Album/dp/B000003TAW/ref=sr_1_2?keywords=weezer+blue+CD&qid=1575427993&s=music&sr=1-2

Joe, All That I Am https://www.amazon.com/All-That-I-Am-Joe/dp/B00CIOFXZI/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=joe+all+that+i+am+CD&qid=1575428026&s=music&sr=1-1

Alanis Morisette, Jagged Little Pill https://www.amazon.com/Jagged-Little-Pill-Alanis-Morissette/dp/B000002MY3

Josh Turner, Icon https://www.amazon.com/ICON-Josh-Turner/dp/B004LWL0XY

311 https://www.amazon.com/311/dp/B016W62EOA/ref=tmm_acd_swatch_0?_encoding=UTF8&qid=&sr=

Cranberries, To the Faithful Departed https://www.amazon.com/Faithful-Departed-Complete-Sessions-1996-1997/dp/B000068VHR

Miscellany

A guitar. If I’m picking, I’d take an Ovation http://www.ovationguitars.com/guitars-six-strings?field_depth_tid%5B%5D=84 with a deep back, preferably with a round sound hole as well as an integrated pickup.  Add in a magnetic picup for the sound hole if you feel like it. Surprise me with the model and style!  If you just can’t avoid a shallow-back Ovation or one with the Adamas style of sound holes, I wouldn’t mind it. If you happen to have some other flavor of guitar, send it! I have a small variety of guitars already and one more different kind will be welcome.

Buck model 182, 181, or 186 folding pocket knives, preferably with 12c87 or ats34 steel blades.  They are discontinued a long time ago but still pop up on ebay.  Other knives will pop up when you click on ebay but the ones I want all look like this  ebay search link: https://www.ebay.com/sch/i.html?_from=R40&_nkw=buck+182+knife&_sacat=0&LH_Complete=1

A set of pots and pans, or at least one pan 12″ diameter, or a pot about 10″ diameter and 5″ deep.  Nonstick inside, steel or aluminum, with a lid.  Brand doesn’t much matter but my pots and pans are worn out!

Guns

Any flavor/color/material variant of a Walther P22 https://www.budsgunshop.com/product_info.php/products_id/111597/walther+arms+p22q+single%2fdouble+action+22+lr+342+10%2b1

Any variant of a Heritage Rough Rider https://www.cabelas.com/product/shooting/firearms/handguns/rimfire-handguns/pc/104792580/c/553829580/sc/105526980/i/105528780/heritage-rough-rider-single-action-rimfire-revolvers/1271908.uts?slotId=0

Ruger MkIV 22/45 https://www.brownells.com/firearms/handguns/semi-auto/mark-iv-22-45-target-22-lr-bl-syn-5-5-10-1-prod119975.aspx?avs%7cCartridge_1=AFF_22%2bLong%2bRifle&avs%7cMake_3=Ruger

Any amount of any sort of ammunition in .30-06, 7.62×39, .40 S&W, .380 ACP, or .22LR

Books, in no particular order. Soft or hard cover, used or new, so long as it’s on paper!

East of Eden https://www.amazon.com/East-Eden-Penguin-Orange-Collection/dp/0143129481

Jesus on Trial by David Limbaugh https://www.amazon.com/Jesus-Trial-Lawyer-Affirms-Gospel/dp/1621574113

Many Thousands Gone by Ira Berlin https://www.hup.harvard.edu/catalog.php?isbn=9780674002111

The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich by Shirer, William L
https://www.amazon.com/Third-Reich-History-Nazi-Germany/dp/1451651147/ref=sr_1_3?keywords=The+Rise+and+Fall+of+the+Third+Reich%3A+A+History+of+Nazi+Germany+by+Shirer&qid=1575430331&s=home-garden&sr=8-3

Hitler’s Monsters https://www.amazon.com/Hitlers-Monsters-Supernatural-History-Third/dp/0300189451/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=Hitler%27s+Monsters%3A+A+Supernatural+History+of+the+Third+Reich+Hardcover&qid=1575430419&sr=8-1

Doctors from Hell https://www.amazon.com/Doctors-Hell-Horrific-Account-Experiments/dp/1591810329/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=Doctors+from+Hell%3A+The+Horrific+Account+of+Nazi+Experiments+on+Humans&qid=1575430454&sr=8-1

Killing Jesus https://www.amazon.com/Unknown-Killing-Jesus-A-History/dp/B00BQYW47G/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=Killing+Jesus&qid=1575430473&sr=8-1

King Leopold’s Ghost by Adam Hochschild https://www.amazon.com/King-Leopolds-Ghost-Adam-Hochschild/dp/0333661265/ref=sr_1_4?keywords=King+Leopold%E2%80%99s+Ghost+by+Adam+Hochschild&qid=1575430694&s=audible&sr=1-4-catcorr

Debunking Howard Zinn by Mary Grabar https://www.amazon.com/Fake-History-Generation-Against-America/dp/1621577732

Before Night Falls: A Memoir by Reinaldo Arenas https://www.amazon.com/Before-Night-Falls-A-Memoir/dp/0140157654

Exposing the Real Che Guevara: And the Useful Idiots Who Idolize Him by Humberto Fontova http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1595230521/ref=as_li_qf_sp_asin_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=1595230521&linkCode=as2&tag=michajtottesm-20

The Sheriff of Ramadi by Dick Couch https://www.amazon.com/Sheriff-Ramadi-Seals-Winning-Al-Anbar-ebook/dp/B00DKMWPSA/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=The+Sheriff+of+Ramadi+by+Dick+Couch&qid=1575430860&s=books&sr=1-1

Ice City of the Gorgon Richard Shaver https://www.amazon.com/City-Gorgon-When-World-Tottered/dp/1612870198/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=Ice+City+of+the+Gorgon+Richard+Shaver&qid=1575430881&s=books&sr=1-1

Life everlasting David Keller https://www.amazon.com/Life-Everlasting-Forever-We-Die/dp/1612873812/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=Life+everlasting+David+Keller&qid=1575430964&s=books&sr=1-1

Henry Miller, Black Spring https://www.amazon.com/Tropic-Cancer-Spring-Colossus-Maroussi/dp/B000X6OGLA/ref=sr_1_2?keywords=Henry+Miller%2C+Black+Spring&qid=1575431003&s=books&sr=1-2

Jack kerouack, On the Road https://www.amazon.com/Road-Jack-Kerouac/dp/0140283293/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_1?keywords=Jack+kerouack%2C+On+the+Road&qid=1575431035&s=books&sr=1-1-fkmr0

To Hell and Back, Audie Murphy https://www.amazon.com/Hell-Back-Audie-Murphy/dp/0805070869/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=%28Audie+Murphy%29+from+To+Hell+and+Back%3A&qid=1575431065&s=books&sr=1-1

Band of Brothers, Stephen Ambrose https://www.amazon.com/Band-Brothers-Regiment-Airborne-Normandy/dp/1501179403/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=stephen+ambrose+band+of+brothers&qid=1575431177&s=books&sr=1-1

Mohave road guide: an adventure through time https://www.amazon.com/Mojave-Road-Guide-Adventure-Through/dp/0914224379/ref=sr_1_5?keywords=Mohave+road+guide%3A+an+adventure+through+time&qid=1575431213&s=books&sr=1-5

From MACROSCOPE by Piers Anthony https://www.amazon.com/Macroscope-Piers-Anthony/dp/0380002094/ref=sr_1_1?hvadid=78271535676793&hvbmt=be&hvdev=c&hvqmt=e&keywords=macroscope+piers+anthony&qid=1575431787&sr=8-1

RINGWORLD by Larry Niven https://www.amazon.com/Ringworld-Novel-Larry-Niven/dp/0345333926/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=RINGWORLD+by+Larry+Niven&qid=1575431729&s=books&sr=1-1

The Bridge on the River Kwai https://www.amazon.com/Bridge-Over-River-Kwai-Novel/dp/0891419136/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=The+Bridge+on+the+River+Kwai%2C&qid=1575431251&s=books&sr=1-1

Game Change https://www.amazon.com/Game-Change-Clintons-McCain-Lifetime/dp/0061733644/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=game+change&qid=1575431276&s=books&sr=1-1

The Manchurian Candidate, Richard Condon https://www.amazon.com/Manchurian-Candidate-Richard-Condon-2013-08-15/dp/B01N2GBJGA/ref=sr_1_2?keywords=Richard+Condon+%22The+Manchurian+Candidate%22&qid=1575431309&s=books&sr=1-2

Mile High, Richard Condon https://www.amazon.com/Mile-High-Richard-Condon/dp/0440156254/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=mile+high+condon&qid=1575431373&s=books&sr=1-1

The Cloud Atlas by Liam Callanan https://www.amazon.com/Cloud-Atlas-Novel-Liam-Callanan/dp/0385336950/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=The+Cloud+Atlas+by+Liam+Callanan&qid=1575431420&s=books&sr=1-1

The Baby Boomers by Paul Charles Light https://www.amazon.com/Baby-Boomers-Paul-Charles-Light/dp/0393306399/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=The+Baby+Boomers+by+Paul+Charles+Light&qid=1575431440&s=books&sr=1-1

The Day Behemoth & Leviathan Died by Deal https://www.amazon.com/Day-Behemoth-Leviathan-Died-Disaster/dp/0933677014/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_1?keywords=Leviathan+and+Evidence+by+Alistair+Young&qid=1575431463&s=books&sr=1-1-fkmr0

Amazing Evidence https://www.amazon.com/Amazing-Evidence-Terrence-J-Hatch/dp/1434848051/ref=sr_1_fkmr0_2?keywords=Leviathan+and+Evidence+by+Alistair+Young&qid=1575431463&s=books&sr=1-2-fkmr0

The Mars Trilogy by Kim Stanley Robinson https://www.amazon.com/MARS-TRILOGY-GREEN-BLUE-MARS/dp/B003U8LZBW/ref=sr_1_1?keywords=The+Mars+Trilogy+by+Kim+Stanley+Robinson&qid=1575431667&s=books&sr=1-1